September 25, 2022

The origin of the very valuable Koh-i-Noor, the 106-carat diamond that adorns the royal crown, is rekindling tensions with India, which accuses the British monarchy of unlawful possession of the gem.

With the dying of Queen Elizabeth II, crown jewels on show in entrance of cameras all over the world just like the Kohinoor mounted on the crown of the royal household. BUT stone of unnamed rarity out of 106 carats is estimated at nearly $400 million.

Why then is that this diamond titled “mountain of sunshine” crystallizes right this moment’s debate, specifically on Twitter, the place the hashtag #Koh-i-Noor has been broadcast hundreds of occasions because the dying of the sovereign?

A lot of the inhabitants of India and a few dignitaries, in keeping with Europe 1, have declared their want for this stone to return to the lands the place it was found, that’s, to India. That is no less than probably the most superior idea of the origin of the Koh-i-Nor, primarily based partly on the primary reminiscence of the diamond in Babur’s chronicles. This Indian prince, the founding father of the Mongol Empire, wrote that the diamond belonged to the king of India.

It will later be handed down via the centuries from dynasty to dynasty between India and Iran, passing via the fingers of the Mughal emperors and princes, the Shahs of Iran and the “worlds of Afghanistan”.

A stone obtained underneath the Treaty of Lahore.

“The stone was introduced to Queen Victoria by Maharaja Duleep Singh. after the annexation of the Punjab in 1849. on the Treaty of Lahore, explains Ouest-France Gita Ganapati-Doré, lecturer in post-colonial research at Viltanese (Saint-Saint-Denis). “If then Victoria wore a diamond within the type of a brooch, then later it was successively transferred to the crowns of Queens Alexandra, Mary and Queen Mom Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon,” the specialist explains once more.

Thus, right here the inhabitants places ahead each questions of the origin of the stone, and questions of recognition of the excesses of colonialism. IndiaToday, one of many primary relays of data within the nation, remembers the numerous valuables taken from international locations underneath the rule of the British Empire.

However from there, to see potential restitution, the street is lengthy. Previously, requests for the return of the creative heritage have been quite a few, however with regard to the Kohinoor diamond, “England has all the time refused, as a result of the stone was acquired legally in accordance with the Lahore Treaty, which, furthermore, is the channel of the agency. and a non-negotiable finish of unacceptability,” the professor clarifies.

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